He served as Captain General of the Church under his uncle Pope Sixtus IV. However, it was Sixtus’ relationship with his nephew, Pietro Riario, that made heads turn. Pope Sixtus V (December 13, 1521 - August 27, 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from April 24, 1585 to August 27, 1590. It is included in the ReligionFacts Library for reference, but please note that its information may be outdated, biased to a particular perspective, or even offensive. The envoy of the Medici family summed up Sixtus' reign in the announcement to his master 'Today at 5 o'clock His Holiness Sixtus IV departed this life-may God forgive him!' He was a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, who in 1473 granted him the seignory of Imola, as a dowry for his marriage with Caterina Sforza (daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan). Upon his death in 1484, no one cared who he took into his bed. Despite writing to Lorenzo de' Medici, who no doubt approved of the result of the assassination, they received no written support by the Medici family. In 1473, Riario became betrothed to the 10-year-old Caterina Sforza. Throughout his pontificate, Sixtus surrounded himself with handsome men. The capitulation of the 1464 papal conclave limited the Pope it elected (Pope Paul II) to appointing one cardinal-nephew, along with other conditions designed to increase the power of the College of Cardinals and reduce the Pope's ability to dilute that power. On April 26, 1478, during mass at Florence cathedral, the agents of Girolamo Riario, Sixtus IV’s nephew, wounded Lorenzo and killed his brother, Giuliano, in a plot to overthrow the Medici. In 1480 the pope made Girolamo Riario Count of Forlì, confiscating the lordship from the Ordelaffi. Pope Sixtus's tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. Kraus, Andreas (1958), "Amt und Stellung des Kardinalnepoten zur Zeit Urbans. Sixtus IV. [2][3], During his uncle's pontificate, Riario mostly resided with his wife in Rome. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Sixtus IV (21 Jul 1414–12 Aug 1484), Find a Grave Memorial no. Esta pintura foi encomendada pelo cardeal Riario, sobrinho do papa Sisto IV por volta de 1472. Pope Sixtus’ tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. Pope Sixtus IV. As Pope Sixtus IV, Francesco established the della Rovere family by advancing family members both in the Church and in government. 719 Related Articles [filter] Sistine Chapel. After passing these taxes, the pope continued to take male lovers. Portrait of Sixtus IV. The attack was planned by Pope Sixtus IV’s nephew Girolamo Riario and his friends Francesco de’ Pazzi and Francesco Salviati. The Villa Lante is one of the most outstanding features of the 16th century. When Pietro died, he left the papacy in so much debt that Sixtus had to raise taxes and sell offices to the highest bidder. The assassins then proceeded to loot the palace. His parents were poor, and while still a child he was destined for the Franciscan order. Although historians make much of Sixtus’ homosexuality, he was actually bisexual. Although Sixtus endorsed the plot, he did not approve of assassination. After 10 days of chaos in Rome, Riario concluded with the terrified cardinals that he would withdraw his troops and his wife's occupation of the castello in return for 7,000 ducats in cash. Sixtus’ romping sex life didn’t affect his legacy. 100% (1/1) Cappella Sistina Christ Giving the Keys to St. Peter Sistine. For the remainder of his pontificate, Sixtus turned to temporal issues and dynastic considerations. He took part in the 1478 Pazzi Conspiracy against the Medici, and was assassinated 10 years later by members of the Forlivese Orsi family. This painting was executed for Cardinal Raffaele Riario, nephew of Pope Sixtus IV about the year 1472. It was built on the wishes of the, by then the most prominent cardinal Raffaele Riario who was a nephew to the pope Sixtus IV. Pope Sixtus IV conferred on him the title of Duke of Urbino (1474). August 1471 bis zum 12. His family was poor. These three cardinals all managed to become popes. Uffiizi Gallery. Sixtus IV, Pope; Sixtus IV, Pope The Catholic Encyclopedia. In 1484 he started a conflict with the Colonna family, whose landed property Sixtus IV wished to take over. Sixtus IV died on August 12, 1484, at the age of seventy. Regardless of Riario’s paternity, the pope took his nephew as his lover, spoiling the vain Pietro with land and wealth. Papa Sisto IV conferiu-lhe o título de duque de Urbino (1474). One of his first acts was to declare a renewed crusade against the Ottoman Turks in Smyrna. His pontificate lasted for thirteen years. Sixtus IV (r. 1471-1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was notable enough to have the Sistine Chapel named after him. He was a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, who in 1473 granted him the seignory of Imola, as a dowry for his marriage with Caterina Sforza (daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan). Several mistresses Children Yes- all illegitimate Position Pope (1471-1484) Died August 1484 (aged 70) Pope Sixtus IV - Wissenschaftlichen Wissen schaffen All for Joomla All for Webmasters Pope Sixtus IV (Latin: Xystus Quartus; 21 July 1414 - 12 August 1484), originally Francesco della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 213th Pope from 1471 until his death in 1484. Riario's body had been recovered from the piazza by a local friar, and once Riario's widow proved vindicated, she had the body cleaned up and laid in state for three days in the church of San Francesco. WikiMatrix WikiMatrix . Catholic Online; Catholic Encyclopedia; Encyclopedia Volume; Free World Class Education FREE Catholic Classes (FRANCESCO DELLA ROVERE) Born near Abisola, 21 July, 1414; died 12 Aug., 1484. Cardinal Francesco della Rovere, elected Pope Sixtus IV in … He also rebuilt much of the town of Imola, tearing down old and decayed houses. He reportedly had a habit of rewarding his lovers and one-night stands with a cardinal’s hat. Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484.wikipedia. Palazzo del Collegio Capranica. In the course of this feud he had the papal protonotary, Lorenzo Colonna, arrested and tortured to death, a deed which provoked much enmity against his family in the city. Girolamo Riario (1443 – 14 April 1488) was Lord of Imola (from 1473) and Forlì (from 1480). WikiMatrix WikiMatrix . While the Pope was aware of the plot; he did nothing to stop it. Juli 1414 in Celle bei Savona, Ligurien; 12. The future pope's nephew was, however, soon assassinated, and his widow married the powerful Paolo Giordano I Orsini, Duke of Bracciano, who was widely considered to have been involved in the killing of her first husband. Saint Charles Borromeo, cardinal-nephew of Pope Pius IV (1559–1565), had ensured the subordination of the secretarius intimus to the Cardinal Nephew, which came to be sometimes known as the secretarius maior. Support, both military and popular, eventually sided with Riario's widow, and the Orsi brothers fled, taking what they could with them. In 1478 took place the famous conspiracy of the Pazzi, planned by the pope's nephew — Cardinal Rafael Riario — to overthrow the Medici and bring Florence under the Riarii. This text is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. He appointed twenty-three cardinals, most of whom were young, attractive clergymen. Titian, ca. Sixtus IV. This article was originally published as part of The Catholic Encyclopedia. Pius IV was notorious for nepotism: between 1561 and 1565 he transferred more than 350,000 scudi to his relatives. Upon being elected Pope, Della Rovere adopted the name Sixtus, which had not been used since the 5th century. The Villa Lante is located along the lower slopes of Cimini Mountains which is on the south of mediaeval village of Bagnaia. Wikipedia. Despite the presence of the Count's guards, a total of nine assassins slashed Riario to death, eventually flinging his corpse into a local piazza, where a crowd gathered in support of the assassins. Born in Savona, Riario was the son of Paolo Riario and Bianca della Rovere. Like Julius III with Innocenzo, Sixtus made his lover Petro Riario – who was also his nephew – a cardinal. Rumored to have appointed his lovers to the College of Cardinals, Sixtus IV also made Pietro Riario, his nephew or possibly his son, a Cardinal. Sixtus IV’s Nephew Was Also His Lover During the Renaissance, popes appointed friends and family members to important posts in the Church to surround themselves with loyal followers. Pietro’s parentage became the subject of much debate: the son of the pope’s sister, many gossipmongers assumed that Sixtus had fathered the child himself. Something reprehensible darkened his memory: he signed the papal bull that authorized the Spanish Inquisition. As Alexander VII I have none. His accomplishments as pope included the construction of the Sistine Chapel and the creation of the Vatican Archives. 76653071, citing Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City ; Maintained by Find A Grave . His nephew Giuliano della Rovere later became Pope … However, after the conquest of Smyrna, the fleet disbanded. August 1484 in Rom) war vom 9. Pope Sixtus IV died the following evening - 12 August. His parents were poor, and while still a child he was destined for the Franciscan order. Between them, in the red robes of a cardinal, stands Guiliano dela Rovere, the pope's nephew and the future Pope Julius II .Painted in 1477, it is in the collection of the Vatican Museums in Rome. On 14 April, Checco and Ludovico Orsi entered the government palace, and one of them attacked Riario with a sword. "Análisis Assassin's Creed II: la batalla de Forli", "Who's who in 'Da Vinci's Demons' Season 2", "Medici season 3 cast: Who is in the cast of Medici? He lived one of the most extravagant lifestyles in Rome, funded by the papal treasury. Detail of a large painting by Melozzo da Forli of Pope Sixtus IV meeting with the future prefect of the Vatican Library, Bartolomeo Platina. Although assassinations were not altogether uncommon in Renaissance Florence, they still had repercussions. In addition to conspiring, he was an intended beneficiary, once Lorenzo and Giuliano de' Medici had been killed. Riario would have become Lord of Florence. He also had an illegitimate son named Scipio by another woman. The envoy of the Medici family summed up Sixtus' reign in the announcement to his master 'Today at 5 o'clock His Holiness Sixtus IV departed this life-may God forgive him!' Pope Sixtus IV died the following evening - 12 August. [2] At Forlì, Riario erected the fortress of Rocca di Ravaldino, one of the strategically most important strongholds of the Romagna. Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere (1443-1513), nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, greatly influenced the election and the decisions of Pope Innocent VIII, the successor of his uncle. In 1471 he was also appointed Captain General of the Church.[1]. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. (Francesco della Rovere; * 21. Contents[show] Biography Early life Felice Peretti was born on December 13, 1521 at Grottammare, in the Papal States, to Pier Gentile (also known as Peretto Peretti), and Marianna da Frontillo. August 1484 römisch-katholischer Papst. Riario promoted several further plots against the Medici, but they all failed. They had five sons, Ottaviano (who officially inherited the lordship of Imola), Cesare, Giovanni Livio, Galeazzo, and Francesco, and a daughter, Bianca. In 1471 he … Pope Sixtus's tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. 1566–1692 Cardinal Francesco della Rovere, elected Pope Sixtus IV in 1471, took nepotism to a completely higher level. On becoming pope, Sixtus V immediately vowed vengeance on both the Duke of Bracciano and Vittoria Accoramboni. Caterina first did not follow this scheme, but after two days had to give in to what her husband had negotiated; only then the conclave could start.[6]. This incident, known as the Pazzi conspiracy, remains to be one of the biggest controversies of his career. Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484. The new cardinals received their titular churches on 12 December 1477. He was a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, who in 1473 granted him the seignory of Imola, as a dowry for his marriage with Caterina Sforza (daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan). 1545-1546. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Girolamo_Riario&oldid=965571237, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Riario is also the principal antagonist in, Riario is the principal antagonist in the third season of the Netflix series, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 03:41. Born in Savona, Riario was the son of Paolo Riario and Bianca della Rovere. Some fruitless attempts were made towards unification with the Greek Church. 11-ene-2018 - So-called Pope Sixtus IV and his "nephew" Girolamo Riario. She entered the Castel Sant' Angelo with troops in order to put pressure on the cardinals to elect a candidate conformable to the Riarios' interests. Home; Books; Search; Support. He had six illegitimate children, whom he also provided for with papal money. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. Pope Sixtus IV (FRANCESCO DELLA ROVERE) Born near Abisola, 21 July, 1414; died 12 Aug., 1484. Cardinal Francesco della Rovere, elected Pope Sixtus IV in 1471, took nepotism to a completely higher level. But the plot failed, as only Giuliano was killed. In 1488 he was the last of the main Pazzi conspirators left alive, and was himself assassinated in a conspiracy led by two members of the Orsi family from Forlì, supposedly over a financial dispute. During the Renaissance, popes appointed friends and family members to important posts in the Church to surround themselves with loyal followers. In 1478 he was one of the plotters behind the Pazzi conspiracy, a plan to assassinate the two most prominent members of the Medici family in Florence. 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